In Activity #12, you have learned the hula and mele of Kāhuli Aku. Kāhuli is an endangered species, we need to protect them. Unfortunately, in Hawai`i, some bird species are distinct, Kaua‘i ‘Ō‘ō bird is one of those.
*The goal of this grassroots project is to deal with an issue that is critical to Hawaiian values – preserving nature and protecting Hawaiian birds, especially endangered species.
In this activity, we will learn about Hawaii’s native bird species, especially the Kaua‘i ‘Ō‘ō bird and the importance of conservation efforts. You will also learn about instruments with varying tone colors and ranges from all four orchestral instrument families (Activity #3).
First, watch the above video. It was about a male ‘Ō‘ō bird singing to a female ‘Ō‘ō bird during mating season. But the female bird did not come. The ‘Ō‘ō bird has
vanished since then.
Five composers from Hawai`i composed five movements based on the theme of the Hawaiian birds. In the fourth movement - Vanished Voices: A Farewell to the ʻŌʻō. Dr. Itoh used his composition music to depict how the ‘Ō‘ō vanished from this world. Watch the video.
REGISTER in music refers to the "height" of the note - whether a note is high, middle, low. Changing the register can also signal shifts in emotions.
1. Which instruments are playing in a high register? Which ones are playing in the middle? Low?You may refer to the pictures below. (High: piccolo & flute; middle: clarinet*, violin*, & trumpet*; low: bassoon & tuba)
*these instruments are capable of playing in the higher register as well, but for the most part in this video, they are playing in the middle register.
2. Describe the tone qualities of these instruments:
3. What are some similarities and differences that you notice between the different instruments based on their size, how they produce sound, and what they are made of?
Arrangement: choosing which instrument plays a particular part can be an effective way to enhance the emotions that the audience might feel. For example, by bringing the register downward from the high violin melody from before, the music sounds darker and more ominous.
Let's explore other instrument, for example, timpani. Here is a video about timpani.
From the below video, describe the sound of the percussion instruments during the storm.
In the quiz, the composer mentioned major and minor scales and tonality that you learned in Activity 6? Listen and pay attention how the composer used those tonalities when composing this piece.
First clip: Minor - When the male ‘ō‘ō was lonely.
Second clip: Major Key - When the male ‘ō‘ō met the female bird.
Third clip: Minor - When the female ‘ō‘ō disappeared. Do you know what happened to her?
Fourth clip: Minor Key - When the storm came, things went from bad to worse; besides hearing the minor key, what else do you hear?
Let's watch the video again:
Let's explore the Quiz below:
Note: This quiz can benefit the teacher by using it to assess the students’ understanding. For the lower grade level students, the teacher should read the questions aloud and have the students choose the answer as a class. Older students may take the individual quiz. Since this quiz provides immediate answers, students can test their knowledge and learn if they make a mistake. Also, students receiving a certificate may let them gain a feeling of accomplishment. Lastly, the students will be more aware of taking care of the nature around them through the tragic story of the Kaua‘i ‘Ō‘ō bird. (Courtesy from Rana Harada)
*Between Fall 2018 and Spring 2019, pre-service teachers from the University of Hawai`i were involved in the Symphony of the Hawaiian Birds project. The goal of this
grassroots project is to deal with an issue that is critical to Hawaiian values – preserving nature and protecting Hawaiian birds, especially endangered species. The content of this project is
delivered using a combination of music (western classical instruments) and native Hawaiian mele and hula. This project has reached more 10,000 Title I, public and private schools, elementary and
secondary students of O‘ahu through science, music, and art.